آنامِنونو آچ

تورکمنیستان-ه دَییشیکلیک

هئچ بیر دییشدیر خلاصه‌سی
{{Infobox country
[[File:Flag of Turkmenistan.svg|thumb]]
|conventional_long_name = Turkmenistan
|common_name = Turkmenistan
|native_name = {{native name|tk|Türkmenistan|Түркменистан|توركمنستان}}
 
[[File:|image_flag = Flag of Turkmenistan.svg|thumb]]
|image_coat = Coat of Arms of Turkmenistan.svg
|symbol_type = Emblem
|national_motto =
|national_anthem = <br/>{{nowrap|''[[National anthem of Turkmenistan|Garaşsyz Bitarap Türkmenistanyň Döwlet Gimni]]''<br/>{{small|''State Anthem of Independent, Neutral Turkmenistan''}}}}<br/><center>[[File:Turkmenistan anthem.ogg]]</center>
|image_map = Turkmenistan on the globe (Eurasia centered).svg
|map_caption = {{map caption |location_color= red}}
|capital = [[Ashgabat]]
|coordinates = {{Coord|37|58|N|58|20|E|type:city}}
|largest_city = [[Ashgabat]]
|official_languages = [[Turkmen language|Turkmen]]<ref name="constituteproject.org">https://www.constituteproject.org/constitution/Turkmenistan_2008.pdf</ref>
|languages_type = Inter-ethnic<br/>languages
|languages = [[Russian language|Russian]]
|ethnic_groups =
{{unbulleted list
| 85% [[Turkmens|Turkmen]]
| 5% [[Uzbeks|Uzbek]]
| 4% [[Russians|Russian]]
| 6% others<ref name=cia/>
}}
|ethnic_groups_year = 2003
|demonym = Turkmen
|government_type = [[Unitary state|Unitary]] [[Dominant-party system|dominant-party]] [[Presidential system|presidential republic]] under an [[Authoritarianism|Authoritarian Regime]]
|leader_title1 = [[President of Turkmenistan|President]]
|leader_name1 = [[Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow]]
|leader_title2 = [[List of Chairmen of the Assembly of Turkmenistan|Chairman of the Mejlis]]
|leader_name2 = [[Akja Nurberdiýewa]]
|legislature = [[Assembly of Turkmenistan|Mejlis]]
|sovereignty_type = [[History of Turkmenistan|Formation]]
|established_event1 = [[Khanate of Khiva]]
|established_date1 = 1511
|established_event2 = [[Turkestan Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic|Turkestan ASSR]]
|established_date2 = 30 April 1918
|established_event3 = [[Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic|Turkmen SSR]]
|established_date3 = 13 May 1925
|established_event4 = Declared state sovereignty
|established_date4 = 22 August 1990
|established_event5 = Declared independence from the [[Soviet Union]]
|established_date5 = 27 October 1991
|established_event6 = Recognized
|established_date6 = 26 December 1991
|established_event7 = [[Constitution of Turkmenistan|Current constitution]]
|established_date7 = 18 May 1992
|area_km2 = 491,210
|area_footnote = <ref>Государственный комитет Туркменистана по статистике : Информация о Туркменистане : [http://www.stat.gov.tm/ru/content/info/turkmenistan/ О Туркменистане] {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20120107073046/http://www.stat.gov.tm/ru/content/info/turkmenistan/ |date=7 January 2012 }} : Туркменистан — одна из пяти стран Центральной Азии, вторая среди них по площади (491,21 тысяч км2), расположен в юго-западной части региона в зоне пустынь, севернее хребта Копетдаг Туркмено-Хорасанской горной системы, между Каспийским морем на западе и рекой Амударья на востоке.</ref>
|area_rank = 52nd <!-- Area rank should match [[List of countries and dependencies by area]] sourced from the UN-->
|area_sq_mi = 188,456 <!--Do not remove per [[WP:MOSNUM]]-->
|percent_water = 4.9
|population_estimate = {{UN_Population|Turkmenistan}}{{UN_Population|ref}}
|population_census =
|population_estimate_year = {{UN_Population|Year}}
|population_estimate_rank = 117th
|population_census_year =
|population_density_km2 = 10.5
|population_density_sq_mi = 27.1 <!--Do not remove per [[WP:MOSNUM]]-->
|population_density_rank = 221st
|GDP_PPP = $103.987 billion<ref name=imf2>{{cite web |url=http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2017/01/weodata/weorept.aspx?pr.x=44&pr.y=15&sy=2017&ey=2020&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&c=925&s=NGDPD%2CNGDPDPC%2CPPPGDP%2CPPPPC%2CLP&grp=0&a=|title=Turkmenistan |publisher=International Monetary Fund |accessdate=2 June 2016}}</ref>
|GDP_PPP_year = 2017
|GDP_PPP_rank =
|GDP_PPP_per_capita = $18,771<ref name=imf2/>
|GDP_PPP_per_capita_rank =
|GDP_nominal = $42.355 billion<ref name=imf2/>
|GDP_nominal_year = 2017
|GDP_nominal_per_capita = $7,645<ref name=imf2/>
|Gini = 40.8 <!--number only-->
|Gini_year = 1998
|Gini_change = <!--increase/decrease/steady-->
|Gini_ref =
|Gini_rank =
|HDI = 0.688 <!--number only-->
|HDI_year = 2014<!-- Please use the year to which the data refers, not the publication year-->
|HDI_change = increase<!--increase/decrease/steady-->
|HDI_ref = <ref name="HDI">{{cite web |url=http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/hdr_2015_statistical_annex.pdf |title=2015 Human Development Report |date=2015 |accessdate=15 December 2015 |publisher=United Nations Development Programme }}</ref>
|HDI_rank = 109th
|currency = [[Manat (Turkmenistan)|Turkmen new manat]]
|currency_code = TMT
|time_zone = TMT
|utc_offset = +5
|drives_on = right
|calling_code = [[+993]]
|cctld = [[.tm]]
|area_magnitude = 1 E11
|country_code = TKM
}}
'''تورکمنیستان''' ([[تورکمن دیلی|تورکمنجه]]: ''Türkmenistan'') [[آسیا]]دا بیر دؤولت.
== تاریخی ==
* [http://turkmenistan.unfpa.org/about.htm turkmenistan.unfpa.org]
* [http://www.turkmenistan.ru/ turkmenistan.ru]
{{آسیا اؤلکه‌لری}}
 
[[بؤلمه:تورکمنیستان]]