«عرب الیفباسی» نوسخه‌لری‌نین آراسینداکی فرقلری

|}
</center>
 
{|class="wikitable sortable" style="text-align:center;"
|+ Arabic letters usage in Literary Arabic
|-
!colspan="2"|Common
!colspan="2"|[[Maghreb]]ian
!rowspan="2"|Letter<br/>name
!rowspan="2"|Letter<br/>name in Arabic script
!rowspan="2"|[[Romanization of Arabic|Trans-<br/>literation]]
!rowspan="2"|Value in Literary Arabic ([[International Phonetic Alphabet|IPA]])
!rowspan="2"|Closest English equivalent in pronunciation
!colspan="3"|Contextual forms
!rowspan="2"|Isolated<br/>form
|-
!Abjadī !! Hijā'ī
!Abjadī !! Hijā'ī
!Final
!Medial
!Initial
|-
! !! !! !! !! !! !! !!
!!! !! !! !! &nbsp; <!-- separate row for sort icons -->
|-
|1.
|1.
|1.
|1.
|''{{transl|ar|ALA|’alif}}''
|أَلِفْ
| ''{{transl|ar|ALA|ā}} / <big>''{{transl|ar|ALA|’}}</big>
 
(also&nbsp;<big>''{{transl|ar|DIN|ʾ}}</big>''&nbsp;)
|various,<br/>including [[Open front unrounded vowel|{{IPA|/aː/}}]]{{efn|''{{transl|ar|ALA|Alif}}'' can represent many phonemes. See the section on [[#Alif|alif]].}}
|'''<u>''u''</u>'''p, f'''<u>''a''</u>'''ther
|colspan=2|{{huge|{{lang|ar|ـا}}}}
|colspan=2|{{huge|{{lang|ar|[[ا]]}}}}
|-
|2.
|2.
|2.
|2.
|''{{transl|ar|ALA|bā’}}''
|بَاء
|''{{transl|ar|ALA|b}}''
|{{IPAslink|b}}{{efn|name=non-native|See the section on [[#Non-native letters|non-native letters and sounds]]; the letters ⟨[[ك]]⟩ ,⟨[[ق]]⟩ ,⟨[[غ]]⟩ ,⟨[[ج]]⟩ are sometimes used to transcribe the phoneme {{IPAslink|g}} in loanwords, ⟨[[ب]]⟩ to transcribe {{IPAslink|p}} and ⟨[[ف]]⟩ to transcribe {{IPAslink|v}}. Likewise the letters ⟨[[و]]⟩ and ⟨[[ي]]⟩ are used to transcribe the vowels {{IPAslink|oː}} and {{IPAslink|eː}} respectively in loanwords and dialects.}}
|'''<u>''b''</u>'''arn
|{{huge|{{lang|ar|ـب}}}}
|{{huge|{{lang|ar|ـبـ}}}}
|{{huge|{{lang|ar|بـ}}}}
|{{huge|{{lang|ar|[[ب]]}}}}
|-
|22.
|3.
|22.
|3.
|''{{transl|ar|ALA|tā’}}''
|تَاء
|''{{transl|ar|ALA|t}}''
|{{IPAslink|t}}
|s'''<u>''t''</u>'''ick
|{{huge|{{lang|ar|ـت}}}}
|{{huge|{{lang|ar|ـتـ}}}}
|{{huge|{{lang|ar|تـ}}}}
|{{huge|{{lang|ar|[[ت]]}}}}
|-
|23.
|4.
|23.
|4.
|''{{transl|ar|ALA|thā’}}''
|ثَاء
|''{{transl|ar|ALA|th}}''
 
(also&nbsp;''{{transl|ar|DIN|ṯ}}''&nbsp;)
|{{IPAslink|θ}}
|'''<u>''th''</u>'''ink, '''<u>''th''</u>'''umb
|{{huge|{{lang|ar|ـث}}}}
|{{huge|{{lang|ar|ـثـ}}}}
|{{huge|{{lang|ar|ثـ}}}}
|{{huge|{{lang|ar|[[ث]]}}}}
|-
|3.
|5.
|3.
|5.
|''{{transl|ar|jīm}}''
|جِيمْ
|''{{transl|ar|j}}''
 
(also&nbsp;''{{transl|ar|DIN|ǧ}}''&nbsp;)
|{{IPAslink|d͡ʒ}}{{efn|name=non-native}}{{efn|{{lang|ar|ج}} is pronounced differently depending on the region. See [[Arabic phonology#Consonants]].}}
|'''<u>''J''</u>'''im, '''<u>''g''</u>'''ym
|{{huge|{{lang|ar|ـج}}}}
|{{huge|{{lang|ar|ـجـ}}}}
|{{huge|{{lang|ar|جـ}}}}
|{{huge|{{lang|ar|[[ج]]}}}}
|-
|8.
|6.
|8.
|6.
|''{{transl|ar|ALA|ḥā’}}''
|حَاء
|''{{transl|ar|ALA|ḥ}}''
 
(also&nbsp;''{{transl|ar|UNGEGN|ḩ}}''&nbsp;)
|{{IPAslink|ħ}}
|no equivalent
 
("guttural" ''h'', may be approximated as '''<u>''h''</u>'''eart)
|{{huge|{{lang|ar|ـح}}}}
|{{huge|{{lang|ar|ـحـ}}}}
|{{huge|{{lang|ar|حـ}}}}
|{{huge|{{lang|ar|[[ح]]}}}}
|-
|24.
|7.
|24.
|7.
|''{{transl|ar|ALA|khā’}}''
|خَاء
|''{{transl|ar|ALA|kh}}''
 
(also&nbsp;''{{transl|ar|DIN|ḫ}},&nbsp;{{transl|ar|Wehr|ḵ}}'',&nbsp;''{{transl|ar|ISO|ẖ}}''&nbsp;)
|{{IPAslink|x}}
|lo'''<u>''ch''</u>'''; German Ba'''<u>''ch''</u>'''
|{{huge|{{lang|ar|ـخ}}}}
|{{huge|{{lang|ar|ـخـ}}}}
|{{huge|{{lang|ar|خـ}}}}
|{{huge|{{lang|ar|[[خ]]}}}}
|-
|4.
|8.
|4.
|8.
|''{{transl|ar|ALA|dāl}}''
|دَالْ
|''{{transl|ar|ALA|d}}''
|{{IPAslink|d}}
|'''<u>''d''</u>'''ear
|colspan=2|{{huge|{{lang|ar|ـد}}}}
|colspan=2|{{huge|{{lang|ar|[[د]]}}}}
|-
|25.
|9.
|25.
|9.
|''{{transl|ar|ALA|dhāl}}''
|ذَال
|''{{transl|ar|ALA|dh}}''
 
(also&nbsp;''{{transl|ar|DIN|ḏ}}''&nbsp;)
|{{IPAslink|ð}}
|'''<u>''th''</u>'''at, '''<u>''th''</u>'''em, '''<u>''th''</u>'''ough
|colspan=2|{{huge|{{lang|ar|ـذ}}}}
|colspan=2|{{huge|{{lang|ar|[[ذ]]}}}}
|-
|20.
|10.
|20.
|10.
|''{{transl|ar|ALA|rā’}}''
|رَاء
|''{{transl|ar|ALA|r}}''
|{{IPAslink|r}}
|'''<u>''r''</u>'''ap
|colspan=2|{{huge|{{lang|ar|ـر}}}}
|colspan=2|{{huge|{{lang|ar|[[ر]]}}}}
|-
|7.
|11.
|7.
|11.
|''{{transl|ar|ALA|zayn}} / {{transl|ar|ALA|zāy}}''
|زَاي
|''{{transl|ar|ALA|z}}''
|{{IPAslink|z}}
|'''<u>''z''</u>'''ebra
|colspan=2|{{huge|{{lang|ar|ـز}}}}
|colspan=2|{{huge|{{lang|ar|[[ز]]}}}}
|-
|15.
|12.
|21.
|24.
|''{{transl|ar|ALA|sīn}}''
|ِسِينْ
|''{{transl|ar|ALA|s}}''
|{{IPAslink|s}}
|'''<u>''s''</u>'''in
|{{huge|{{lang|ar|ـس}}}}
|{{huge|{{lang|ar|ـسـ}}}}
|{{huge|{{lang|ar|سـ}}}}
|{{huge|{{lang|ar|[[س]]}}}}
|-
|21.
|13.
|28.
|25.
|''{{transl|ar|ALA|shīn}}''
|شِينْ
|''{{transl|ar|ALA|sh}}''
 
(also&nbsp;''{{transl|ar|DIN|š}}''&nbsp;)
|{{IPAslink|ʃ}}
|'''<u>''sh''</u>'''in
|{{huge|{{lang|ar|ـش}}}}
|{{huge|{{lang|ar|ـشـ}}}}
|{{huge|{{lang|ar|شـ}}}}
|{{huge|{{lang|ar|[[ش]]}}}}
|-
|18.
|14.
|15.
|18.
|''{{transl|ar|ALA|ṣād}}''
|صَادْ
|''{{transl|ar|ALA|ṣ}}''
 
(also&nbsp;''{{transl|ar|UNGEGN|ş}}''&nbsp;)
|{{IPAslink|sˤ}}
|'''<u>''s''</u>'''warm, ba'''<u>''ss''</u>'''
|{{huge|{{lang|ar|ـص}}}}
|{{huge|{{lang|ar|ـصـ}}}}
|{{huge|{{lang|ar|صـ}}}}
|{{huge|{{lang|ar|[[ص]]}}}}
|-
|26.
|15.
|18.
|19.
|''{{transl|ar|ALA|ḍād}}''
|ضَاد
|''{{transl|ar|ALA|ḍ}}''
 
(also&nbsp;''{{transl|ar|UNGEGN|ḑ}}''&nbsp;)
|{{IPAslink|dˤ}}
|'''<u>''d''</u>'''warf
|{{huge|{{lang|ar|ـض}}}}
|{{huge|{{lang|ar|ـضـ}}}}
|{{huge|{{lang|ar|ضـ}}}}
|{{huge|{{lang|ar|[[ض]]}}}}
|-
|9.
|16.
|9.
|12.
|''{{transl|ar|ALA|ṭā’}}''
|طَاء
|''{{transl|ar|ALA|ṭ}}''
 
(also&nbsp;''{{transl|ar|UNGEGN|ţ}}''&nbsp;)
|{{IPAslink|tˤ}}
|s'''<u>''t''</u>'''ar
|{{huge|{{lang|ar|ـط}}}}
|{{huge|{{lang|ar|ـطـ}}}}
|{{huge|{{lang|ar|طـ}}}}
|{{huge|{{lang|ar|[[ط]]}}}}
|-
|27.
|17.
|26.
|13.
|''{{transl|ar|ALA|ẓā’}}''
|ظَاء
|''{{transl|ar|ALA|ẓ}}''
 
(also&nbsp;''{{transl|ar|UNGEGN|z̧}}''&nbsp;)
|{{IPAslink|ðˤ}}
|bu'''<u>''zz''</u>'''word
|{{huge|{{lang|ar|ـظ}}}}
|{{huge|{{lang|ar|ـظـ}}}}
|{{huge|{{lang|ar|ظـ}}}}
|{{huge|{{lang|ar|[[ظ]]}}}}
|-
|16.
|18.
|16.
|20.
|''{{transl|ar|ALA|‘ayn}}''
|عَين
| <big>{{transl|ar|ALA|&nbsp;‘&nbsp;}}</big>
 
(also&nbsp;<big>''{{transl|ar|DIN|ʿ}}</big>''&nbsp;)
|{{IPAslink|ʕ}}
|no equivalent
 
("guttural" voiced ''h''; similar to ''ḥā’'' above)
|{{huge|{{lang|ar|ـع}}}}
|{{huge|{{lang|ar|ـعـ}}}}
|{{huge|{{lang|ar|عـ}}}}
|{{huge|{{lang|ar|[[ع]]}}}}
|-
|28.
|19.
|27.
|21.
|''{{transl|ar|ALA|ghayn}}''
|غَين
|''{{transl|ar|ALA|gh}}''
 
(also&nbsp;''{{transl|ar|DIN|ġ}},&nbsp;{{transl|ar|Wehr|ḡ}}''&nbsp;)
| {{IPAslink|ɣ}}{{efn|name=non-native}}
| Spanish hi'''<u>''g''</u>'''o
|{{huge|{{lang|ar|ـغ}}}}
|{{huge|{{lang|ar|ـغـ}}}}
|{{huge|{{lang|ar|غـ}}}}
|{{huge|{{lang|ar|[[غ]]}}}}
|-
|17.
|20.
|17.
|22.
|''{{transl|ar|ALA|fā’}}''
|فَاء
|''{{transl|ar|ALA|f}}''
|{{IPAslink|f}}{{efn|name=non-native}}
|'''<u>''f''</u>'''ar
|{{huge|{{lang|ar|ـف}}}}
|{{huge|{{lang|ar|ـفـ}}}}
|{{huge|{{lang|ar|فـ}}}}
|{{huge|{{lang|ar|[[ف]]}}}}{{efn|name=regional-variation|See the section on [[#Regional variations|regional variations]] in letter form.}}
|-
|19.
|21.
|19.
|23.
|''{{transl|ar|ALA|qāf}}''
|قَاف
|''{{transl|ar|ALA|q}}''
|{{IPAslink|q}}{{efn|name=non-native}}
|s'''<u>''c''</u>'''ar
|{{huge|{{lang|ar|ـق}}}}
|{{huge|{{lang|ar|ـقـ}}}}
|{{huge|{{lang|ar|قـ}}}}
|{{huge|{{lang|ar|[[ق]]}}}}{{efn|name=regional-variation}}
|-
|11.
|22.
|11.
|14.
|''{{transl|ar|ALA|kāf}}''
|كَاف
|''{{transl|ar|ALA|k}}''
|{{IPAslink|k}}{{efn|name=non-native}}
|'''<u>''k''</u>'''ey, '''<u>''c''</u>'''ap
|{{huge|{{lang|ar|ـك}}}}
|{{huge|{{lang|ar|ـكـ}}}}
|{{huge|{{lang|ar|كـ}}}}
|{{huge|{{lang|ar|[[ك]]}}}}
|-
|12.
|23.
|12.
|15.
|''{{transl|ar|ALA|lām}}''
|لاَمْ
|''{{transl|ar|ALA|l}}''
|{{IPAslink|l}}
|'''<u>''l''</u>'''amp
|{{huge|{{lang|ar|ـل}}}}
|{{huge|{{lang|ar|ـلـ}}}}
|{{huge|{{lang|ar|لـ}}}}
|{{huge|{{lang|ar|[[ل]]}}}}
|-
|13.
|24.
|13.
|16.
|''{{transl|ar|ALA|mīm}}''
|مِيمْ
|''{{transl|ar|ALA|m}}''
|{{IPAslink|m}}
|'''<u>''m''</u>'''e
|{{huge|{{lang|ar|ـم}}}}
|{{huge|{{lang|ar|ـمـ}}}}
|{{huge|{{lang|ar|مـ}}}}
|{{huge|{{lang|ar|[[م]]}}}}
|-
|14.
|25.
|14.
|17.
|''{{transl|ar|ALA|nūn}}''
|نُون
|''{{transl|ar|ALA|n}}''
|{{IPAslink|n}}
|'''<u>''n''</u>'''un
|{{huge|{{lang|ar|ـن}}}}
|{{huge|{{lang|ar|ـنـ}}}}
|{{huge|{{lang|ar|نـ}}}}
|{{huge|{{lang|ar|[[ن]]}}}}
|-
|5.
|26.
|5.
|26.
|''{{transl|ar|ALA|hā’}}''
|هَاء
|''{{transl|ar|ALA|h}}''
|{{IPAslink|h}}
|'''<u>''h''</u>'''at
|{{huge|{{lang|ar|ـه}}}}
|{{huge|{{lang|ar|ـهـ}}}}
|{{huge|{{lang|ar|هـ}}}}
|{{huge|{{lang|ar|[[ه]]}}}}
|-
|6.
|27.
|6.
|27.
|''{{transl|ar|ALA|wāw}}''
|وَاو
|''{{transl|ar|ALA|w}} / {{transl|ar|ALA|ū}}''
|{{IPAslink|w}}, {{IPAslink|uː}}{{efn|name=non-native}}
|'''<u>''w''</u>'''e
|colspan=2|{{huge|{{lang|ar|ـو}}}}
|colspan=2|{{huge|{{lang|ar|[[و]]}}}}
|-
|10.
|28.
|10.
|28.
|''{{transl|ar|ALA|yā’}}''
|يَاء
|''{{transl|ar|ALA|y}} / {{transl|ar|ALA|ī}}''
|{{IPAslink|j}}, {{IPAslink|iː}}{{efn|name=non-native}}
|'''<u>''y''</u>'''acht
|{{huge|{{lang|ar|ـي}}}}
|{{huge|{{lang|ar|ـيـ}}}}
|{{huge|{{lang|ar|يـ}}}}
|{{huge|{{lang|ar|[[ي]]}}}}{{efn|name=regional-variation}}
|-
! colspan="13" |
|-
| colspan="4" rowspan="6" |(not counted as alphabet but plays an important role in Arabic grammar and lexicon, including indication [denoting most irregular female nouns] and spelling)
| [[Hamza|''hamzah'']]
| هَمْزة
| rowspan="5" | <big>''{{transl|ar|ALA|’}}</big>
 
(also&nbsp;<big>''{{transl|ar|DIN|ʾ}}</big>''&nbsp;)
| rowspan="5" | {{IPAslink|ʔ}}
| rowspan="5" | '''<u>''&nbsp;''</u>'''uh'''<u>''–''</u>'''oh
 
(aka "[[Glottal stop#Occurrence|glottal stop]]")
| colspan="5" | {{huge|{{lang|ar|ء}}}}
 
(used mainly in medial and final position, which is an unlinked letter)
|-
| rowspan="2" | ''ʼalīf hamzah''
| rowspan="2" | أَلِفْ هَمْزة
|colspan=2|{{huge|{{lang|ar|ـأ}}}}
|colspan=2|{{huge|{{lang|ar|أ}}}}
|-
|colspan=2|{{huge|{{lang|ar|ـإ}}}}
|colspan=2|{{huge|{{lang|ar|إ}}}}
|-
|''wāw hamzah''
| وَاو هَمْزة
|colspan=2|{{huge|{{lang|ar|ـؤ}}}}
|colspan=2|{{huge|{{lang|ar|ؤ}}}}
|-
|''yāʼ hamzah''
| يَاء هَمْزة
|{{huge|{{lang|ar|ـئ}}}}
|{{huge|{{lang|ar|ـئـ}}}}
|{{huge|{{lang|ar|ئـ}}}}
|{{huge|{{lang|ar|ئ}}}}
|-
| ''ʼalīf maddah''
| أَلِفْ مَدَّة
| ʾā
| /{{IPA link|ʔ}}{{IPA link|a}}{{IPA link|ː}}/
|
|colspan=2|{{huge|{{lang|ar|ـآ}}}}
|colspan=2|{{huge|{{lang|ar|آ}}}}
|}
 
==قایناق==
{{ویکی قایناقلاماسی|باغلانتی=https://tr.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Arap_alfabesi&oldid=18733060