«روس دیلی» نوسخه‌لری‌نین آراسینداکی فرقلری

۱۵٬۷۵۷ باید آرتیریلدی ،  ۱ سال پیش
هئچ بیر دییشدیر خلاصه‌سی
{{ایشتیباه اولماسین|روسین دیلی}}
{{Infobox language
|name = Russian
|nativename = {{Lang|ru|русский язык}}<ref>On the history of using "русский" ("''russkij''") and "российский" ("''rossijskij''") as the Russian adjectives denoting "Russian", see: [[Oleg Trubachyov]]. 2005. Русский&nbsp;– Российский. История, динамика, идеология двух атрибутов нации (pp 216–227). В поисках единства. Взгляд филолога на проблему истоков Руси., 2005. {{cite web |url=http://krotov.info/libr_min/19_t/ru/bachev.htm |title=Archived copy |accessdate=2014-01-25 |deadurl=no |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20140218214456/http://krotov.info/libr_min/19_t/ru/bachev.htm |archivedate=2014-02-18 |df= }} . On the 1830s change in the Russian name of the Russian language and its causes, see: [[Tomasz Kamusella]]. 2012. The Change of the Name of the Russian Language in Russian from Rossiiskii to Russkii: Did Politics Have Anything to Do with It?(pp 73–96). ''Acta Slavica Iaponica''. Vol 32, {{cite web |url=http://src-h.slav.hokudai.ac.jp/publictn/acta/32/04Kamusella.pdf |title=Archived copy |accessdate=2013-01-07 |deadurl=no |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20130518165147/http://src-h.slav.hokudai.ac.jp/publictn/acta/32/04Kamusella.pdf |archivedate=2013-05-18 |df= }}</ref>
|altname={{transl|ru|russkiy yazyk}}
|pronunciation = {{IPA-ru|ˈruskʲɪj jɪˈzɨk||Ru-russkiy jizyk.ogg}}
|states = [[روسیه]]
|speakers = {{sigfig|154|2}} million
|date = 2010
|ref = ne2010
|speakers2= 260 million ([[آنا دیلی]] plus [[Second language|L2]] speakers) (2012)<ref>[http://www2.le.ac.uk/departments/modern-languages/lal/Languages/russian Russian language.] {{Webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20150510191322/http://www2.le.ac.uk/departments/modern-languages/lal/Languages/russian |date=2015-05-10 }} University of Leicester. Retrieved 30 June 2014.</ref>
|familycolor = Indo-European
|fam2 = [[Balto-Slavic languages|Balto-Slavic]]
|fam3 = [[ایسلاو دیللری]]
|fam4 = [[دوغو اسلاو دیللری]]
|ancestor = [[Old East Slavic]]
|script = [[کیریل الیفباسی]] ([[Russian alphabet]])<br />[[Russian Braille]]
|nation = {{Collapsible list|titlestyle=font-weight:normal; background:transparent; text-align:left;|title=[[List of territorial entities where Russian is an official language|12 states]]|
|{{بایراق|روسیه}} <small>(state)</small><ref name=RusConst>{{cite web |url=http://www.constitution.ru/en/10003000-01.htm |title=Article 68. Constitution of the Russian Federation |publisher=Constitution.ru |access-date=2013-06-18 |deadurl=no |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20130606071041/http://www.constitution.ru/en/10003000-01.htm |archivedate=2013-06-06 |df= }}</ref><br />
{{بایراق|بلاروس}} <small>(state)</small><ref name=Belarus>{{cite web|url=http://president.gov.by/en/press19329.html|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20070502115338/http://president.gov.by/en/press19329.html|archivedate=2007-05-02 |title=Article 17. Constitution of the Republic of Belarus |publisher=President.gov.by |date=1998-05-11 |access-date=2013-06-18}}</ref><br />
{{بایراق|قازاخیستان}} <small>(official)</small><ref name=Kazakhstan>{{cite web|author=N. Nazarbaev
|url=http://www.constcouncil.kz/eng/norpb/constrk/ |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20071020060732/http://www.constcouncil.kz/eng/norpb/constrk/ |archivedate=2007-10-20 |title=Article 7. Constitution of the Republic of Kazakhstan |publisher=Constcouncil.kz |date=2005-12-04 |access-date=2013-06-18}}</ref><br />
{{بایراق|قیرغیزیستان}} <small>(official)</small><ref name=Kyrgyzstan>{{ru icon}} [http://www.gov.kg/?page_id=263 Статья 10. Конституция Кыргызской Республики] {{Webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20121222125830/http://www.gov.kg/?page_id=263 |date=2012-12-22 }}</ref><br />
{{بایراق|تاجیکیستان}} <small>(inter-ethnic communication)</small><ref name=Tajikistan>{{cite web |url=http://unpan1.un.org/intradoc/groups/public/documents/untc/unpan003670.htm |title=Article 2. Constitution of Tajikistan |publisher=Unpan1.un.org |access-date=2013-06-18 |deadurl=no |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20170525141516/http://unpan1.un.org/intradoc/groups/public/documents/untc/unpan003670.htm |archivedate=2017-05-25 |df= }}</ref><br />
{{بایراق|مولداوی}}:
* [[قاقاووزیا]] <small>(official)</small><ref name=Gagauzia>{{cite web |author=http://www.gagauzia.md/ |url=http://www.gagauzia.md/pageview.php?l=en&idc=389&id=240 |title=Article 16. Legal code of Gagauzia (Gagauz-Yeri) |publisher=Gagauzia.md |date=2008-08-05 |access-date=2013-06-18 |deadurl=no |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20130513170728/http://www.gagauzia.md/pageview.php?l=en&idc=389&id=240 |archivedate=2013-05-13 |df= }}</ref>
''Partially recognized states:''<br />
{{بایراق|آبخازیا}}<ref name="partialrecognition">Abkhazia and South Ossetia are only [[international recognition of Abkhazia and South Ossetia|partially recognized countries]]</ref><small>(official)</small><ref name=Abkhazia>{{ru icon}} [https://web.archive.org/web/20090118213155/http://www.abkhaziagov.org/ru/state/sovereignty Статья 6. Конституция Республики Абхазия]</ref><br />
{{بایراق|جنوبی اوستیا}}<ref name="partialrecognition" /><small>(state)</small><ref name=Ossetia>{{ru icon}} [https://web.archive.org/web/20090811021536/http://cominf.org/node/1127818105 Статья 4. Конституция Республики Южная Осетия]</ref><br />
''Unrecognised states:''<br />
{{بایراق|ترانسنیستریا|state}} <small>(official)</small><ref name=Transnistria>{{cite web|url=http://mfa-pmr.org/index.php?newsid=644|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20110727083252/http://mfa-pmr.org/index.php?newsid=644|archivedate=2011-07-27 |title=Article 12. Constitution of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublica |publisher=Mfa-pmr.org |access-date=2013-06-18}}</ref><br /><br />
{{بایراق|Donetsk People's Republic}}<br />
{{بایراق|Luhansk People's Republic}}<br />
''Former states:''<br />
{{بایراق|شوروی}} {{Small|(defunct state)}}''<ref name=USSR>[[1977 Soviet Constitution|Constitution and Fundamental Law of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics]], 1977: Section II, Chapter 6, Article 36</ref><br />
'''Organizations:'''<br />
{{UNO}}
* [[میلتلر آراسی آتوم انرژیسی آژانسی]]
* [[International Civil Aviation Organization|ICAO]]
* [[یونسکو]]
* [[عوموم دونیا ساغلیق تشکیلاتی]]
[[Commonwealth of Independent States|CIS]]<br />
[[Warsaw Pact]] <small>(defunct)</small><br />
[[Eurasian Economic Community|EAEC]]<br />
[[Collective Security Treaty Organization|CSTO]]<br />
[[Comecon|CMEA]] <small>(defunct)</small><br />
[[GUAM]]<ref>{{cite web|url=http://guam-organization.org/en/node/450|title=Charter of Organization for democracy and economic development – GUAM – GUAM|website=guam-organization.org|deadurl=no|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20160305201355/http://guam-organization.org/en/node/450|archivedate=2016-03-05|df=}}</ref> <br />
[[Shanghai Cooperation Organisation|SCO]]<br />
[[File:OSCE logo.svg|22px]] [[Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe|OSCE]]<br />
[[Antarctic Treaty Secretariat|ATS]]<br />
[[File:ISO english logo.svg|22px]] [[International Organization for Standardization|ISO]]}}
|minority = {{Collapsible list
|{{بایراق|رومانی}}<small> (regional and minority)</small>
* A number of municipalities in [[Tulcea County]] and [[Constanța County]]{{citation needed|date=April 2016}}
{{بایراق|اوکراین}}<small> (minority)</small><ref>{{cite web |url=http://zakon2.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/5029-17 |title=Law "On Principles of State Language Policy", Article 7 |publisher=Zakon2.rada.gov.ua |access-date=2013-06-18 |deadurl=no |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20130616035201/http://zakon2.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/5029-17 |archivedate=2013-06-16 |df= }}</ref><ref>The [[Constitution of Ukraine]]. Article 10.</ref>
* [[کریمه موختار جومهوریتی]]<ref>The status of [[Crimea]] and of the city of [[سواستوپول]] is [[2014 Crimean crisis|under dispute between Russia and Ukraine]] since March 2014; Ukraine and the majority of the international community consider Crimea to be an [[autonomous republic]] of Ukraine and Sevastopol to be one of Ukraine's [[cities with special status]], whereas Russia, on the other hand, considers Crimea to be a [[روسیه‌نین فدرال بؤلگه‌لری]] and Sevastopol to be one of Russia's three [[federal cities of Russia|federal cities]].</ref>
* [[Dnipropetrovsk Oblast]]{{citation needed|date=April 2016}}
* [[Donetsk Oblast]]<ref name=RUS_UA>{{cite news|title=Русский язык стал региональным в Севастополе, Донецкой и Запорожской обл.|url=http://top.rbc.ru/society/16/08/2012/664886.shtml|access-date=16 August 2012|newspaper=RosBusinessConsulting|date=16 August 2012|deadurl=no|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20120818152652/http://top.rbc.ru/society/16/08/2012/664886.shtml|archivedate=18 August 2012|df=}}</ref>
* [[Kharkiv Oblast]]<ref>[http://www.ukrinform.ua/rus/news/russkomu_yaziku_na_harkovshchine_predostavili_status_regionalnogo_1446120 "Русскому языку на Харьковщине предоставили статус регионального"] {{Webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20121222125831/http://www.ukrinform.ua/rus/news/russkomu_yaziku_na_harkovshchine_predostavili_status_regionalnogo_1446120 |date=2012-12-22 }}. ''[[Ukrinform]]'' {{ru icon}}</ref>
 
* [[Kherson Oblast]]{{citation needed|date=April 2016}}
* [[Luhansk Oblast]]{{citation needed|date=April 2016}}
* [[Mykolaiv Oblast]]<ref>[http://novosti.dn.ua/details/186253/ "Николаевский облсовет сделал русский язык региональным"] {{Webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20120909085750/http://novosti.dn.ua/details/186253/ |date=2012-09-09 }}. ''Новости Донбасса'' {{ru icon}}</ref>
* [[Odessa Oblast]]<ref>{{cite web|author=Одеська державна адміністрація|url=http://oblrada.odessa.gov.ua/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=2008:-------l----r----&catid=125&Itemid=185&lang=ru|title=Про заходи щодо імплементації положень Закону України "Про засади державної мовної політики" на території Одеської області|publisher=Oblrada.odessa.gov.ua|date=2013-06-01|access-date=2013-06-18|deadurl=no|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20131212035737/http://oblrada.odessa.gov.ua/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=2008:-------l----r----&catid=125&Itemid=185&lang=ru|archivedate=2013-12-12|df=}}</ref>
* [[Zaporizhia Oblast]]<ref name=RUS_UA />
{{بایراق|نوروژ}}
* [[Sør-Varanger]]{{citation needed|date=April 2016}}
{{بایراق|ايسرائيل}}<br />
{{بایراق|آذربایجان جومهوریتی}}<br />
{{بایراق|ائرمنیستان}}<ref name=No148>{{cite web |url=http://conventions.coe.int/Treaty/Commun/ListeDeclarations.asp?NT=148&CM=8&DF=23/01/05&CL=ENG&VL=1 |title=List of declarations made with respect to treaty No. 148 (Status as of: 21/9/2011) |publisher=[[Council of Europe]] |access-date=2012-05-22 |deadurl=no |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20120522083136/http://conventions.coe.int/Treaty/Commun/ListeDeclarations.asp?NT=148&CM=8&DF=23%2F01%2F05&CL=ENG&VL=1 |archivedate=2012-05-22 |df= }}</ref><br />
{{بایراق|لهیستان}}<ref name=No148 /><br />
{{بایراق|چک جومهوریتی}}<ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.vlada.cz/en/pracovni-a-poradni-organy-vlady/rnm/historie-a-soucasnost-rady-en-16666/ |title=National Minorities Policy of the Government of the Czech Republic |publisher=Vlada.cz |access-date=2012-05-22 |deadurl=no |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20120607051111/http://www.vlada.cz/en/pracovni-a-poradni-organy-vlady/rnm/historie-a-soucasnost-rady-en-16666/ |archivedate=2012-06-07 |df= }}</ref><br />
{{بایراق|ایسلوواکی}}<ref name=No148 /><br />
{{بایراق|لتونی}}<br />
{{بایراق|مولداوی}}{{citation needed|date=April 2016}}<br />
{{بایراق|اؤزبکیستان}}<ref>{{cite web|author=Юрий Подпоренко|title=Бесправен, но востребован. Русский язык в Узбекистане|url=http://mytashkent.uz/2015/04/27/bespraven-no-vostrebovan-russkij-yazyk-v-uzbekistane/|date=2001|publisher=Дружба Народов|access-date=2016-05-27|deadurl=no|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20160513012627/http://mytashkent.uz/2015/04/27/bespraven-no-vostrebovan-russkij-yazyk-v-uzbekistane/|archivedate=2016-05-13|df=}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|author=Шухрат Хуррамов|title=Почему русский язык нужен узбекам?|url=http://365info.kz/2015/09/russkij-yazyk-v-uzbekistane/|date=2015-09-11|publisher=365info.kz|access-date=2016-05-27|deadurl=no|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20160701175737/http://365info.kz n/2015/09/russkij-yazyk-v-uzbekistane/|archivedate=2016-07-01|df=}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|author=Евгений Абдуллаев|title=Русский язык: жизнь после смерти. Язык, политика и общество в современном Узбекистане|url=http://magazines.russ.ru/nz/2009/4/ab21.html|date=2009|publisher=Неприкосновенный запас|access-date=2016-05-27|deadurl=no|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20160623201807/http://magazines.russ.ru/nz/2009/4/ab21.html|archivedate=2016-06-23|df=}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|author=А. Е. Пьянов|title=СТАТУС РУССКОГО ЯЗЫКА В СТРАНАХ СНГ|url=http://www.philology.ru/linguistics2/pyanov-11.htm|publisher=2011|access-date=2016-05-27|deadurl=no|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20160528192438/http://www.philology.ru/linguistics2/pyanov-11.htm|archivedate=2016-05-28|df=}}</ref><br />
{{بایراق|آمریکا بیرلشمیش ایالتلری}}
* {{بایراق|New York}} <small>(election documents)<ref name="annews">{{cite web|url=http://public.leginfo.state.ny.us/LAWSSEAF.cgi?QUERYTYPE=LAWS+&QUERYDATA=$$ELN3-506$$@TXELN03-506+&LIST=SEA2+&BROWSER=EXPLORER+&TOKEN=54506818+&TARGET=VIEW|title=New York State Legislature}}</ref></small>
}}
 
|agency = [[Russian Language Institute]]<ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.ruslang.ru/agens.php?id=aims |title=Russian Language Institute |publisher=Ruslang.ru |access-date=2010-05-16 |deadurl=no |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20100719234135/http://www.ruslang.ru/agens.php?id=aims |archivedate=2010-07-19 |df= }}</ref> at the [[Russian Academy of Sciences]]
|iso1=ru
|iso2=rus
|iso3=rus
|lingua=53-AAA-ea < [[دوغو اسلاو دیللری]]<br />(varieties: 53-AAA-eaa to 53-AAA-eat)
|map = Russian language status and proficiency in the World.svg
|mapcaption = States where Russian is an official language (dark blue) or spoken as a first or second language by 30% or more of the population (teal)
|notice = [[اولوس‌لارآراسی سسچیل الیفبا]]
|glotto = russ1263
|glottorefname=Russian
}}
[[فایل:RussianLanguageMap.png|بندانگشتی|روس دیلی دۆنیادا]]
 
'''روس دیلی''' (روسجا:Русский язык) [[هیند اوروپا|هیند-اۇروپا]] دیل عائیله‌سینه منسوب و [[دوغو اسلاو دیللری]]نین قوْلونا باغلی بیر دیلدیر. بۇ دیل عۆموماً روسیه و [[شرقی اوروپا]] اؤلکه‌لرینده دانیشیلیر. روسجا [[کیریل]] الیفباسی ایله یازیلیر.
 
== روس الیفباسی ==