Bar Kokhba revolt
the یهودی-روم ساواشلاری نین بیر بخشی
PikiWiki Israel 19975 Archeological sites of Israel.jpg
Entrance into an excavated cave used by Bar Kokhba's rebels, Khirbet Midras
تاریخ 132–136 CE
(Fall of Betar, traditionally Tisha B'Av of 135)
یئر Judea Province
نتیجه Decisive Roman victory:
  • An all-out defeat of Judean rebels
  • Large-scale destruction of Judean population by Roman troops
  • Suppression of Jewish religious and political autonomy by Hadrian
  • Jews banned from Jerusalem

Judea renamed and merged into the Syria Palaestina province.
Vexilloid of the Roman Empire.svg روم ایمپیراتورلوغو Bar kokhba temple.png Judeans under Bar Kokhba
Vexilloid of the Roman Empire.svg Hadrian
Vexilloid of the Roman Empire.svg Tineius Rufus (DOW)
Vexilloid of the Roman Empire.svg Sextus Julius Severus
Vexilloid of the Roman Empire.svg Publicius Marcellus
Vexilloid of the Roman Empire.svg T. Haterius Nepos
Vexilloid of the Roman Empire.svg Q. Lollius Urbicus
Simon bar Kokhba 
Eleazar of Modi'im 
Rabbi Akiva Executed
Yeshua ben Galgula 
Yonatan ben Baiin
Masbelah ben Shimon
Elazar ben Khita
Yehuda bar Menashe
Shimon ben Matanya
Legio III Cyrenaica
Legio X Fretensis
Legio VI Ferrata
Legio III Gallica
Legio XXII Deiotariana
Legio II Traiana
Legio X Gemina
Legio IX Hispana?
Legio V Macedonica (partial)
Legio XI Claudia (partial)
Legio XII Fulminata (partial)
Legio IV Flavia Felix (partial)
Bar Kokhba's army
  • Bar Kokhba's guard
  • Local militias

Samaritan Youth Bands

2 legions - 20,000 (132-133)
5 legions - 80,000 (133-134)
6-7 full legions, cohorts of 5-6 more, 30-50 auxilary units - 120,000 (134-135)
200,000–400,000b Jewish militiamen
  • 12,000 Bar Kokhba's guard force
Legio XXII Deiotariana destroyeda
Legio IX Hispana possibly destroyed[۱]
Legio X Fretensis sustained heavy casualties[۲]
200,000–400,000 Jewish militiamen killed or enslaved
Total: 580,000 Jews killed, 50 fortified towns and 985 villages razed; "many more" Jews dead as a result of famine and disease.a
Massive Roman military casualtiesa
[a] - per Cassius Dio[۳]

[b] - according to Rabbinic sources

شابلون:Campaignbox Bar Kokhba revolt شابلون:Campaignbox Jewish-Roman wars


  1. Legio VIIII Hispana. یوْخلانیلیب2014-06-26.
  2. Mor, M. The Second Jewish Revolt: The Bar Kokhba War, 132-136 CE. Brill, 2016. p334.
  3. Cassius Dio, Translation by Earnest Cary. Roman History, book 69, 12.1-14.3. Loeb Classical Library, 9 volumes, Greek texts and facing English translation: Harvard University Press, 1914 thru 1927. Online in LacusCurtius:[۱] and[۲]. Book scan in Internet Archive:[۳].