قارا سپتامبر اولایلاری

Black September
أيلول الأسود
the سویوق عرب ساواشی نین بیر پارچاسی
فایل:File:Smoke rises above Amman during Black September, 1 October 1970.png
Smoke rises over امان during clashes between the Jordanian army and the fedayeen, 1 October 1970.
تاریخ 6 September 1970 – 17 July 1971
(main phase 16–27 September 1970)
یئر Jordan
نتیجه Jordanian military victory:
طرفلر
 PLO

Flag of Iraq (1963-1991); Flag of Syria (1963-1972).svg سوریه

Flag of Jordan.svg اوردون
باشچیلار
Palestine Liberation Organization یاسر عرفات
Palestine Liberation Organization Khalil Al-Wazir
Palestine Liberation Organization Abu Ali Iyad
Palestine Liberation Organization George Habash
Palestine Liberation Organization Nayef Hawatmeh
سوریه Salah Jadid
اوردون ملک حسین
اوردون Habis Al-Majali
اوردون Zaid ibn Shaker
اوردون Wasfi Al-Tal
پاکیستان Zia-ul-Haq
گۆجلر
Palestine Liberation Organization 15,000–40,000[۱]
سوریه 10,000
اوردون 65,000–74,000[۲]
تلفات
PLO: 3,400 dead[۳]Jordan: 537 dead[۴]
Black September
أيلول الأسود
the سویوق عرب ساواشی نین بیر پارچاسی
فایل:File:Smoke rises above Amman during Black September, 1 October 1970.png
Smoke rises over امان during clashes between the Jordanian army and the fedayeen, 1 October 1970.
تاریخ 6 September 1970 – 17 July 1971
(main phase 16–27 September 1970)
یئر Jordan
نتیجه Jordanian military victory:
طرفلر
 PLO

Flag of Iraq (1963-1991); Flag of Syria (1963-1972).svg سوریه

Flag of Jordan.svg اوردون
باشچیلار
Palestine Liberation Organization یاسر عرفات
Palestine Liberation Organization Khalil Al-Wazir
Palestine Liberation Organization Abu Ali Iyad
Palestine Liberation Organization George Habash
Palestine Liberation Organization Nayef Hawatmeh
سوریه Salah Jadid
اوردون ملک حسین
اوردون Habis Al-Majali
اوردون Zaid ibn Shaker
اوردون Wasfi Al-Tal
پاکیستان Zia-ul-Haq
گۆجلر
Palestine Liberation Organization 15,000–40,000 300 tanks[۵]
(two armoured, one mechanized infantry brigade)[۵]
اوردون 65,000–74,000[۲]
تلفات
PLO: 3,400 dead
120 tanks and APCs lost[۶]
Jordan: 537 dead[۴]

گؤرونتولردَییشدیر

  1. Katz, Samuel M. (1995). Arab Armies of the Middle East Wars 2. New York: Osprey Publishing. p. 10. ISBN 0-85045-800-5.
  2. ۲٫۰ ۲٫۱ Shlaim 2008, p. 321.
  3. Massad, Joseph Andoni (2001). Colonial Effects: The Making of National Identity in Jordan. New York: Columbia University Press. p. 342. ISBN 0-231-12323-X. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  4. ۴٫۰ ۴٫۱ Duty Martyrs. JAF. یوْخلانیلیب31 August 2017.
  5. ۵٫۰ ۵٫۱ Shlaim 2008, p. 326.
  6. Shlaim 2008, p. 334.