میلی بیرلیک

(میلی بیرلیک (فرانسه)-دن يوْل‌لاندیریلمیش)

میلی بیرلیک (فرانسه‌جه: Rassemblement national)فرانسه نین میلیت چی حیزبیدیر. ۱۹۷۲ ده ۵ اوکتوبر دا ژان ماری لوپن بو حیزبین قوروجوسو اولدو. حیزبین ایلک آدی (Front national pour l'unité française) فرانسه بیرلیک اوچون میلیت چی جبهه سی ایدی . ایندی باشچیسی ژان ماری لوپنین قیزی مارین لوپن دیر . بو حیزب ایندیلیک فرانسه نین اوچونجو حیزبیدیر.

National Rally

Rassemblement National
قیسا آدیRN
باشقانJordan Bardella (acting)
Vice-presidents
قوروجوJean-Marie Le Pen[۱]
قورولوش۵ اوْکتوبر ۱۹۷۲؛ ۴۹ ایل قاباق (۱۹۷۲-۱۰-05)
مرکزی76–78 Rue des Suisses, 92000 Nanterre, Hauts-de-Seine
جوانلار قانادیGénération Nation
Security wingDepartment for Protection and Security
عۆضو اوْلانلار (2022)Increase 83,000[۲]
ایدئولوژی
Political positionFar-right[۱۶]a[›]
میللی باغلانتیRassemblement bleu Marine (2012–2017)
اوروپا باغلانتی‌سیIdentity and Democracy Party
آوروپا مجلیسی گوروپوIdentity and Democracy[nb ۱]
رنگ(لر)  Navy blue[nb ۲]
National Assembly
۸۹ / ۵۷۷
Senate
۰ / ۳۴۸
European Parliament
۱۹ / ۷۹
Presidencies of Regional Councils
۰ / ۱۷
Regional Councillors
۲۵۲ / ۱٬۷۵۸
Presidencies of Departmental Councils
۰ / ۱۰۱
Departmental Councillors
۲۶ / ۴٬۱۰۸
وئب‌سایت
www.rassemblementnational.fr بونو ویکی‌دئیتادا دییشدیر

^ a: The RN is considered part of the radical right, a subset of the far-right that does not oppose democracy.[۱۸][۱۹][۲۰]

قایناقلاردَییشدیر

  1. ^ "Vive la difference – has France's Front National changed?". BBC News. 5 December 2015. Archived from the original on 17 July 2018. Retrieved 21 June 2018.
  2. ^ RN - Rassemblement National (12 April 2022).
  3. ^ ۳٫۰ ۳٫۱ Nordsieck, Wolfram (2017). France.
  4. ^ Jens Rydgren (2008). "France: The Front National, Ethnonationalism and Populism". Twenty-First Century Populism. Link.springer.com. pp. 166–180. doi:10.1057/9780230592100_11. ISBN 978-1-349-28476-4.
  5. ^ ۵٫۰ ۵٫۱ 'The nation state is back': Front National's Marine Le Pen rides on global mood Archived 28 July 2017 at the Wayback Machine.. The Guardian. Author – Angelique Chrisafis. Published 18 September 2016. Retrieved 2 June 2017.
  6. ^ Jean-Yves Camus. Lefigaro.fr (13 April 2015).
  7. ^ Macron-Le Pen face-off: EU supporter vs. economic nationalist (23 April 2017).
  8. ^ Economic Voting and the national Front: Towards a Subregional Understanding of the Extreme-Right. Politics.as.nyu.edu.
  9. ^ Marine Le Pen, entre souverainisme et identitarisme. Enquete&Debat (23 September 2014).
  10. ^ John Lichfield (26 May 2014). "European elections 2014: Marine Le Pen's Front National victory in France is based on anguish, rage and denial". The Independent. London. Archived from the original on 25 September 2015. Retrieved 25 August 2014.
  11. ^ What does France's National Front stand for? Archived 20 December 2015 at the Wayback Machine. France 24. Published 28 May 2014. Retrieved 17 April 2017.
  12. ^ Depuis 2011, le FN est devenu "protectionniste au sens large". Liberation (21 April 2014).
  13. ^ Taylor, Adam (8 January 2015). "French far-right leader seeks to reintroduce death penalty after Charlie Hebdo attack". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on 7 July 2015. Retrieved 31 March 2015.
  14. ^ Immigration | Stopper l'immigration, renforcer l'identité française. Front National.
  15. ^ European far right hails Brexit vote Archived 6 May 2017 at the Wayback Machine.. The Guardian. Author – Angelique Chrisafis. Published 24 June 2016. Retrieved 25 May 2017.
  16. ^ Abridged list of reliable sources that refer to National Rally as far-right: Academic:
    • Azéma, Jean-Pierre; Winock, Michel (1994). Histoire de l'extrême droite en France. Éditions du Seuil. ISBN 9782020232005.
    • Camus & Lebourg 2017
    • DeClair 1999
    • Hobolt, Sara; De Vries, Catherine (16 June 2020). Political Entrepreneurs: The Rise of Challenger Parties in Europe. Princeton University Press. ISBN 978-0691194752.
    • Joly, Bertrand (2008). Nationalistes et Conservateurs en France, 1885–1902. Les Indes Savantes.
    • Kitschelt, Herbert; McGann, Anthony (1995). The radical right in Western Europe: a comparative analysis. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press. pp. 91–120. ISBN 0472106635.
    • McGann, Anthony; Kitschelt, Herbert (1997). The Radical Right in Western Europe A Comparative Analysis. University of Michigan Press. ISBN 9780472084418.
    • (January 2013) «From Jean-Marie to Marine Le Pen: Electoral Change on the Far Right». Parliamentary Affairs 66 (1): 160–178. DOI:10.1093/pa/gss071.
    • (2015) «The political and policy impacts of extreme right parties in time and context». Ethnic and Racial Studies 38 (8): 1355–1361. DOI:10.1080/01419870.2015.1016071.
    • (2015) «The French secular hypocrisy: the extreme right, the Republic and the battle for hegemony». Patterns of Prejudice '49 (4): 392–413. DOI:10.1080/0031322X.2015.1069063.
    • Mudde, Cas (25 October 2019). The Far Right Today and The ideology of the extreme right. John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 978-1509536856.
    • Rydgren, Jens (2008). France: The Front National, Ethnonationalism and Populism. London: Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 9781349284764.
    • Shields 2007
    • Simmons, Harvey G. (1996). The French National Front: The Extremist Challenge To Democracy. Westview Press. ISBN 978-0813389790.
    • Williams, Michelle Hale (January 2011). «A new era for French far right politics? Comparing the FN under two Le Pens and The Impact of Radical Right-Wing Parties in West European Democracies». Análise Social 201 (1): 679–695.
    News:
  17. ^ Garnier, Christophe-Cécil (7 December 2015). Quelle doit être la couleur du Front national sur les cartes électorales? (fr). Slate.
  18. ^ Ivaldi, Gilles (18 May 2016). "A new course for the French radical right? The Front National and "de-demonisation"". In Akkerman, Tjitske; de Lange, Sarah L.; Rooduijn, Matthijs (eds.). Radical Right-Wing Populist Parties in Western Europe: Into the Mainstream?. Routledge. p. 225. ISBN 978-1-317-41978-5. Archived from the original on 26 September 2021. Retrieved 6 July 2021.
  19. ^ Forchtner, Bernhard (September 2019). «Climate change and the far right». Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change 10 (5): e604. DOI:10.1002/wcc.604.
  20. ^ Forchtner, Bernhard (2020). The Far Right and the Environment: Politics, Discourse and Communication. Routledge. ISBN 978-1-351-10402-9. Archived from the original on 27 September 2021. Retrieved 6 July 2021.

ائشیک باغلانتیلاردَییشدیر

ویکی‌آمباردا Rassemblement national ایله مربوط فایل وار.

شابلون:Movement for a Europe of Nations and Freedom شابلون:French political parties شابلون:National Front شابلون:French far right


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