کریپتون کیماسال ماده دیر سیمگه سی Kr اتوم سایی‌سی 36 اتوم کوتله سی 83.80 آلتی قالارلی ایزوتوپو و نئچه قاچگین ایزوتوپو وار. مندلیف جدولینده دؤردونجو نجیب قازدیر.سیخلیغی 1.18 هاوا سیخلیغیندان چوخدور و قؤخسوز و بؤیاقسیز دیر. کریپتون کریپ سؤزوندن و گیزلی معناسیندا دیر چون چوخ مدت اینکیشاف اولمادی.سممی دئیل و یانماز.الکتریکی بؤشالمادا آچیق بنوشه کیمی ایشیغی اولار.

Krypton,  36Kr
Krypton discharge tube.jpg
General properties
Appearance colorless gas, exhibiting a whitish glow in an electric field
Krypton in the periodic table
Hydrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Helium (noble gas)
Lithium (alkali metal)
Beryllium (alkaline earth metal)
Boron (metalloid)
Carbon (polyatomic nonmetal)
Nitrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Oxygen (diatomic nonmetal)
Fluorine (diatomic nonmetal)
Neon (noble gas)
Sodium (alkali metal)
Magnesium (alkaline earth metal)
Aluminium (post-transition metal)
Silicon (metalloid)
Phosphorus (polyatomic nonmetal)
Sulfur (polyatomic nonmetal)
Chlorine (diatomic nonmetal)
Argon (noble gas)
Potassium (alkali metal)
Calcium (alkaline earth metal)
Scandium (transition metal)
Titanium (transition metal)
Vanadium (transition metal)
Chromium (transition metal)
Manganese (transition metal)
Iron (transition metal)
Cobalt (transition metal)
Nickel (transition metal)
Copper (transition metal)
Zinc (transition metal)
Gallium (post-transition metal)
Germanium (metalloid)
Arsenic (metalloid)
Selenium (polyatomic nonmetal)
Bromine (diatomic nonmetal)
Krypton (noble gas)
Rubidium (alkali metal)
Strontium (alkaline earth metal)
Yttrium (transition metal)
Zirconium (transition metal)
Niobium (transition metal)
Molybdenum (transition metal)
Technetium (transition metal)
Ruthenium (transition metal)
Rhodium (transition metal)
Palladium (transition metal)
Silver (transition metal)
Cadmium (transition metal)
Indium (post-transition metal)
Tin (post-transition metal)
Antimony (metalloid)
Tellurium (metalloid)
Iodine (diatomic nonmetal)
Xenon (noble gas)
Caesium (alkali metal)
Barium (alkaline earth metal)
Lanthanum (lanthanide)
Cerium (lanthanide)
Praseodymium (lanthanide)
Neodymium (lanthanide)
Promethium (lanthanide)
Samarium (lanthanide)
Europium (lanthanide)
Gadolinium (lanthanide)
Terbium (lanthanide)
Dysprosium (lanthanide)
Holmium (lanthanide)
Erbium (lanthanide)
Thulium (lanthanide)
Ytterbium (lanthanide)
Lutetium (lanthanide)
Hafnium (transition metal)
Tantalum (transition metal)
Tungsten (transition metal)
Rhenium (transition metal)
Osmium (transition metal)
Iridium (transition metal)
Platinum (transition metal)
Gold (transition metal)
Mercury (transition metal)
Thallium (post-transition metal)
Lead (post-transition metal)
Bismuth (post-transition metal)
Polonium (post-transition metal)
Astatine (metalloid)
Radon (noble gas)
Francium (alkali metal)
Radium (alkaline earth metal)
Actinium (actinide)
Thorium (actinide)
Protactinium (actinide)
Uranium (actinide)
Neptunium (actinide)
Plutonium (actinide)
Americium (actinide)
Curium (actinide)
Berkelium (actinide)
Californium (actinide)
Einsteinium (actinide)
Fermium (actinide)
Mendelevium (actinide)
Nobelium (actinide)
Lawrencium (actinide)
Rutherfordium (transition metal)
Dubnium (transition metal)
Seaborgium (transition metal)
Bohrium (transition metal)
Hassium (transition metal)
Meitnerium (unknown chemical properties)
Darmstadtium (unknown chemical properties)
Roentgenium (unknown chemical properties)
Copernicium (transition metal)
Nihonium (unknown chemical properties)
Flerovium (unknown chemical properties)
Moscovium (unknown chemical properties)
Livermorium (unknown chemical properties)
Tennessine (unknown chemical properties)
Oganesson (unknown chemical properties)
Ar

Kr

Xe
brominekryptonrubidium
Atomic number (Z) 36
Group, period group 18 (noble gases), period 4
Block p-block
Electron configuration {{{electron configuration}}}
Electrons per shell
2, 8, 18, 8
Physical properties
Melting point 115.78 K ​(−157.37 °C, ​−251.27 °F)
Boiling point 119.93 K ​(−153.415 °C, ​−244.147 °F)
Density at stp (0 °C and 101.325 kPa) 3.749 g/L
when liquid, at b.p. 2.413 g/cm3[۱]
Triple point 115.775 K, ​73.53 kPa[۲][۳]
Critical point 209.48 K, 5.525 MPa[۳]
Heat of fusion 1.64 kJ/mol
Heat of vaporization 9.08 kJ/mol
Molar heat capacity 20.95[۴] J/(mol·K)
Vapor pressure
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 59 65 74 84 99 120
Atomic properties
Electronegativity Pauling scale: 3.00
Ionization energies 1st: 1350.8 kJ/mol
2nd: 2350.4 kJ/mol
3rd: 3565 kJ/mol
Covalent radius 116±4 pm
Van der Waals radius 202 pm
Miscellanea
Crystal structureface-centered cubic (fcc)
Face-centered cubic crystal structure for krypton
Speed of sound (gas, 23 °C) 220 m·s−1
(liquid) 1120 m/s
Thermal conductivity 9.43×10−3  W/(m·K)
Magnetic ordering diamagnetic[۵]
Magnetic susceptibility (χmol) −28.8·10−6 cm3/mol (298 K)[۶]
CAS Number 7439-90-9
تاریخی
Discovery and first isolation ویلیام رمزی and موریس تراورز (1898)
Main isotopes of krypton
Iso­tope Abun­dance Half-life Decay mode Pro­duct
78Kr 0.36% 9.2×1021 y[۷] εε 78Se

شابلون:Infobox element/isotopes decay3

80Kr 2.29% is stable
81Kr trace 2.3×105 y ε 81Br
γ
82Kr 11.59% is stable
83Kr 11.50% is stable
84Kr 56.99% is stable
85Kr syn 11 y بتا پوزولوشو 85Rb
86Kr 17.28% is stable
| references | in Wikidata


Sir William Ramsay, the discoverer of krypton

قایناقدَییشدیر

  1. Krypton. encyclopedia.airliquide.com
  2. "Section 4, Properties of the Elements and Inorganic Compounds; Melting, boiling, triple, and critical temperatures of the elements". CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (85th ed.). Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press. 2005. 
  3. ۳٫۰ ۳٫۱ Haynes, William M., ed. (2011). CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (92nd ed.). Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press. p. 4.121. ISBN 1439855110. 
  4. Shuen-Chen Hwang, Robert D. Lein, Daniel A. Morgan (2005). "Noble Gases". Kirk Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology. Wiley. pp. 343–383. doi:10.1002/0471238961.0701190508230114.a01.
  5. Magnetic susceptibility of the elements and inorganic compounds, in Lide, D. R., ed. (2005). CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (86th ed.). Boca Raton (FL): CRC Press. ISBN 0-8493-0486-5. 
  6. Weast, Robert (1984). CRC, Handbook of Chemistry and Physics. Boca Raton, Florida: Chemical Rubber Company Publishing. pp. E110. ISBN 0-8493-0464-4. 
  7. (2016) «Review of Particle Physics». Chinese Physics C 40 (10): 100001. DOI:10.1088/1674-1137/40/10/100001. See p. 768