Depiction of the Roman triumph celebrating the Sack of Jerusalem on the Arch of Titus in Rome. The procession features the Menorah and other vessels taken from the Second Temple.
|Roman Empire|| Judean Free Government
Israel (Judea) under Bar Kokhba
Sextus Julius Severus
Eleazar ben Hanania
Julian and Pappus;
Simon bar Kokhba
Eleazar of Modi'im
|Great revolt: 30,000 (Beth Horon) – 60,000 (Siege of Jerusalem)|
Kitos War: forces of the eastern legions
Bar Kokhba revolt: 6-7 full legions with cohorts and auxiliaries of 5-6 additional legions – about 120,000 total.
|Great revolt: 25,000+ Jewish militias
Kitos War: loosely organized tens of thousands
Bar-Kokhba revolt: 200,000 – 400,000b militia men
|Great revolt: Legio XII Fulminata lost its aquila and Syrian contingent destroyed – about 20,000 casualties;|
Kitos War: 240,000 civilians killed in Cyprusa,
|Great revolt: 250,000[better source needed] – Perhaps hundreds of thousands of Jews and non-Jewish civilians (mostly trapped visitors) killed; enslavement of 97,000-99,000c;
Kitos War: annihilation of Jewish communities in Cyprus, Cyrenaica and Alexandria;
Bar Kokhba revolt: 400,000 – 580,000a civilians and militia massacred,
985 Judean villages razeda.
|[a] - per Cassius Dio
[b] - according to Rabbinic sources
[c] - per Josephus
- Rivka Shpak Lissak. The Roman Policy: Elimination the Jewish National-Cultural Entity and the Jewish Majority in the Land of Israel. یوْخلانیلیب15 January 2011.
- Cassius Dio, Translation by Earnest Cary. Roman History, book 69, 12.1-14.3. Loeb Classical Library, 9 volumes, Greek texts and facing English translation: Harvard University Press, 1914 thru 1927. Online in LacusCurtius: and livius.org:. Book scan in Internet Archive:.