Jewish–Roman wars
Arch of Titus Menorah.png
Depiction of the Roman triumph celebrating the Sack of Jerusalem on the Arch of Titus in Rome. The procession features the Menorah and other vessels taken from the Second Temple.
تاریخ 66–135 CE (70 years)
یئر Roman Judea, Cyprus, Cyrenaica, Mesopotamia
نتیجه Decisive Roman Empire victory:

Roman Judea (Iudaea) remained under Roman control, renamed and merged into the Province of Syria Palaestina
Vexilloid of the Roman Empire.svg Roman Empire Menora Titus.jpg Judean Free Government
Jewish Zealots;
Jewish rebels;
Bar kokhba temple.png Israel (Judea) under Bar Kokhba
Vexilloid of the Roman Empire.svg Titus
Vexilloid of the Roman Empire.svg Vespasian
Vexilloid of the Roman Empire.svg Marcus Lupus
Vexilloid of the Roman Empire.svg Marcius Turbo
Vexilloid of the Roman Empire.svg Lusius Quietus
Vexilloid of the Roman Empire.svg Hadrian
Vexilloid of the Roman Empire.svg Sextus Julius Severus
Eleazar ben Hanania

Julian and Pappus;
Simon bar Kokhba
Eleazar of Modi'im
Great revolt: 30,000 (Beth Horon) – 60,000 (Siege of Jerusalem)
Kitos War: forces of the eastern legions
Bar Kokhba revolt: 6-7 full legions with cohorts and auxiliaries of 5-6 additional legions – about 120,000 total.
Great revolt: 25,000+ Jewish militias
20,000 Edomeans
Kitos War: loosely organized tens of thousands
Bar-Kokhba revolt: 200,000 – 400,000b militia men
Great revolt: Legio XII Fulminata lost its aquila and Syrian contingent destroyed – about 20,000 casualties;
Kitos War: 240,000 civilians killed in Cyprusa,
Great revolt: 250,000[۱][better source needed] – Perhaps hundreds of thousands of Jews and non-Jewish civilians (mostly trapped visitors) killed; enslavement of 97,000-99,000c;
Kitos War: annihilation of Jewish communities in Cyprus, Cyrenaica and Alexandria;
Bar Kokhba revolt: 400,000[۱] – 580,000a civilians and militia massacred,
985 Judean villages razeda.
[a] - per Cassius Dio[۲]
[b] - according to Rabbinic sources
[c] - per Josephus

  1. ۱٫۰ ۱٫۱ Rivka Shpak Lissak. The Roman Policy: Elimination the Jewish National-Cultural Entity and the Jewish Majority in the Land of Israel. یوْخلانیلیب15 January 2011.
  2. Cassius Dio, Translation by Earnest Cary. Roman History, book 69, 12.1-14.3. Loeb Classical Library, 9 volumes, Greek texts and facing English translation: Harvard University Press, 1914 thru 1927. Online in LacusCurtius:[۱] and[۲]. Book scan in Internet Archive:[۳].