«چک جومهوریتی» نوسخه‌لری‌نین آراسینداکی فرقلری

هئچ بیر دییشدیر خلاصه‌سی
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{{About|the European country}}
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{{Use dmy dates|date=January 2016}}
 
{{Infobox country
| latd=50
|latm=05
|latNS=N
|longd=14
|longm=28
|longEW=E
| languages_type = Official language
| languages2_type = {{raise|0.3em |{{nobold|Officially recognised<ref name="languages">Citizens belonging to minorities, which traditionally and on a long-term basis live within the territory of the Czech Republic, enjoy the right to use their language in communication with authorities and in courts of law (for the list of recognized minorities see [http://www.vlada.cz/en/pracovni-a-poradni-organy-vlady/rnm/historie-a-soucasnost-rady-en-16666/ National Minorities Policy of the Government of the Czech Republic], Belorussian and Vietnamese since 4 July 2013, see [http://zpravy.idnes.cz/vietnamci-oficialni-narodnostni-mensinou-fiq-/domaci.aspx?c=A130703_133019_domaci_jj Česko má nové oficiální národnostní menšiny. Vietnamce a Bělorusy]). Article 25 of the Czech [[Charter of Fundamental Rights and Basic Freedoms]] ensures the right of the national and ethnic minorities to education and communication with the authorities in their own language. Act No. 500/2004 Coll. (''The Administrative Rule'') in its paragraph 16 (4) (''Procedural Language'') ensures that a citizen of the Czech Republic who belongs to a national or an ethnic minority, which traditionally and on a long-term basis lives within the territory of the Czech Republic, has the right to address an administrative agency and proceed before it in the language of the minority. If the administrative agency has no employee with knowledge of the language, the agency is bound to obtain a translator at the agency's own expense. According to Act No. 273/2001 (''Concerning the Rights of Members of Minorities'') paragraph 9 (''The right to use language of a national minority in dealing with authorities and in front of the courts of law'') the same also applies to members of national minorities in the courts of law.</ref><ref>The Slovak language may be considered an official language in the Czech Republic under certain circumstances, as defined by several laws – e.g. law 500/2004, 337/1992. Source: http://portal.gov.cz. Cited: "Například Správní řád (zákon č. 500/2004 Sb.) stanovuje: "V řízení se jedná a písemnosti se vyhotovují v českém jazyce. Účastníci řízení mohou jednat a písemnosti mohou být předkládány i v jazyce slovenském&nbsp;..." (§16, odstavec 1). Zákon o správě daní a poplatků (337/1992 Sb.) "Úřední jazyk: Před správcem daně se jedná v jazyce českém nebo slovenském. Veškerá písemná podání se předkládají v češtině nebo slovenštině&nbsp;..." (§ 3, odstavec 1). http://portal.gov.cz</ref>}} }}
| leader_name2 = [[Bohuslav Sobotka]]
| conventional_long_name = Czech Republic
| native_name = {{native name|cs|Česká republika}}
| image_flag = Flag of the Czech Republic.svg
| image_coat = Coat_of_arms_of_the_Czech_Republic.svg
| common_name = the Czech Republic
| linking_name = the Czech Republic<!--to link to "[Topic] of the Czech Republic" articles-->
| national_motto = {{native phrase|cs|"[[Truth prevails|Pravda vítězí]]"|italics=off}}<br/>{{small|"Truth prevails"}}
| national_anthem = {{vunblist |{{native phrase|cs|[[Kde domov můj]]|nolink=yes}} |{{raise|0.35em|{{small|''Where is my home?''}}}} |{{center|[[File:Czech anthem.ogg]]}} }}
| image_map = EU-Czechia.svg
| map_caption = {{map_caption |countryprefix=the |location_color=dark green |region=Europe |region_color=dark grey |subregion=the European Union |subregion_color=green |legend=EU-Czechia.svg}}
| capital = [[Prague]]
| largest_city = capital
| languages = [[Czech language|Czech]]<ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.czech.cz/en/67019-czech-language |title=Czech language |work=Czech Republic – Official website |publisher=[[Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Czech Republic)|Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Czech Republic]] |accessdate=14 November 2011}}</ref>
| languages2 =
{{collapsible list |titlestyle=background:none;text-align:left;font-weight:normal; |title=
|[[Slovak language|Slovak]] |[[German language|German]] |[[Polish language|Polish]] |[[Belarusian language|Belarusian]] |[[Bulgarian language|Bulgarian]] |[[Croatian language|Croatian]] |[[Greek language|Greek]] |[[Hungarian language|Hungarian]] |[[Romani language|Romani]] |[[Russian language|Russian]] |[[Rusyn language|Rusyn]] |[[Serbian language|Serbian]] |[[Ukrainian language|Ukrainian]] |[[Vietnamese language|Vietnamese]]
}}
| ethnic_groups =
{{vunblist
| 64% [[Czechs]]
| 26% unspecified
| 5% [[Moravians]]
| 1.4% [[Slovaks]]
| 0.4% [[Poles]]
}}
| ethnic_groups_year = 2014<ref>{{cite web|title=Czech Republic Population 2014|url=http://worldpopulationreview.com/countries/czech-republic-population/|publisher=World Population Review|accessdate=14 April 2014}}</ref>
| demonym = [[Czechs|Czech]]
| government_type = {{nowrap|[[Unitary state|Unitary]] [[Parliamentary system|parliamentary]]<br/>[[constitutional republic]]}}
| leader_title1 = [[President of the Czech Republic|President]]
| leader_name1 = [[Miloš Zeman]]
| leader_title2 = [[Prime Minister of the Czech Republic|Prime Minister]]
| legislature = [[Parliament of the Czech Republic|Parliament]]
| upper_house = [[Senate of the Parliament of the Czech Republic|Senate]]
| lower_house = [[Chamber of Deputies of the Parliament of the Czech Republic|Chamber of Deputies]]
| established_event1 = [[Duchy of Bohemia]]
| sovereignty_type = [[History of the Czech Lands|Formation]]
| established_event2 = [[Kingdom of Bohemia]]
| established_date1 = [[Circa|c.]] 870
| established_event3 = [[Czechoslovakia]]
| established_date2 = 1198
| established_event4 = {{nowrap|[[Czech Socialist Republic]]}}
| established_date3 = 28 October 1918
| established_event5 = [[Dissolution of Czechoslovakia|Czech Republic]]
| established_date4 = 1 January 1969
|established_event6 = {{nowrap|[[2004 enlargement of the European Union|Joined]] the [[European Union]]}}
| established_date5 = 1 January 1993
|established_date6 = 1 May 2004
| patron_saint = [[Wenceslaus I, Duke of Bohemia|St. Wenceslaus]]
| area_km2 = 78,866
| area_rank = 116th
| area_sq_mi = 30,450 <!--Do not remove per [[WP:MOSNUM]]-->
| percent_water = 2
| population_estimate = 10,553,443<ref>{{cite web |title=
Population change – 1st – 2nd quarter of 2015|url=https://www.czso.cz/csu/czso/population-of-the-czech-republic-increased |publisher=[[Czech Statistical Office]] |date=21 March 2016 |accessdate=21 March 2016}}</ref>
| population_census = 10,436,560<ref>[http://www.scitani.cz/sldb2011/eng/redakce.nsf/i/census_2011_basic_final_results/$File/SLDB-ZAKL-CR_en.xls Census of Population and Housing 2011: Basic final results]. [http://www.czso.cz/eng/redakce.nsf/i/home Czech Statistical Office]. Retrieved on 19 December 2012.</ref>
| population_estimate_year = 2015
| population_estimate_rank = 81st
| population_census_year = 2011
| population_density_km2 = 134
| population_density_rank = 87th
| population_density_sq_mi = 341 <!--Do not remove per [[WP:MOSNUM]]-->
| GDP_PPP = $343.931 billion<ref name=imf2>{{cite web |url=http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2015/02/weodata/weorept.aspx?pr.x=68&pr.y=6&sy=2015&ey=2020&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&c=935&s=NGDPD%2CNGDPDPC%2CPPPGDP%2CPPPPC&grp=0&a= |title=Czech Republic |publisher=International Monetary Fund |accessdate=31 December 2015}}</ref>
| GDP_PPP_year = 2016
| GDP_PPP_rank = 50th
| GDP_PPP_per_capita = $32,622<ref name=imf2/>
| GDP_PPP_per_capita_rank = 39th
| GDP_nominal = $189.982 billion<ref name=imf2/>
| GDP_nominal_year = 2016
| GDP_nominal_rank = 49th
| GDP_nominal_per_capita = $18,020<ref name=imf2/>
| GDP_nominal_per_capita_rank = 41st
| Gini = 25.1 <!--number only-->
| Gini_year = 2014
| Gini_change = <!--increase/decrease/steady-->increase
| Gini_ref = <ref name=eurogini>{{cite web |title=Gini coefficient of equivalised disposable income (source: SILC) |url=http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/submitViewTableAction.do |publisher=Eurostat Data Explorer |accessdate=4 December 2015}}</ref>
| Gini_rank =4th
| HDI = 0.870 <!--number only-->
| HDI_year = 2014<!-- Please use the year to which the data refers, not the publication year-->
| HDI_change = increase <!--increase/decrease/steady-->
| HDI_ref = <ref name="HDI">{{cite web |url=http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/hdr_2015_statistical_annex.pdf|title=Human Development Report 2015 |year=2015 |publisher=United Nations |accessdate=14 December 2015}}</ref>
| HDI_rank = 28th
| currency = [[Czech koruna]]
| currency_code = CZK
| time_zone = [[Central European Time|CET]]
| utc_offset = +1
| utc_offset_DST = +2
| time_zone_DST = [[Central European Summer Time|CEST]]
| drives_on = right
| calling_code = [[Telephone numbers in the Czech Republic|+420]]<sup>b</sup>
| iso3166code = CZ
| cctld = [[.cz]]<sup>c</sup>
| footnote_a = The [[Rhetorical question|question is rhetorical]], implying "those places where my homeland lies".
<!--ORPHANED: 30 June 2010 (see {{Wayback |df=yes|date=20101114043947 |url=http://www.czso.cz/eng/csu.nsf/informace/aoby091310.doc |title=Population changes}}).-->
<!--ORPHANED: Rank based on 2009 IMF data.-->
| footnote_b = Code 42 was shared with [[Slovakia]] until 1997.
| footnote_c = Also [[.eu]], shared with other European Union member states.
| religion =
{{vunblist
|{{longitem|style=line-height:1.15em
|88.5% non-religious or undeclared}}
|10.4% [[Catholic Church|Roman Catholic]]
|1.1% other
}}
| religion_year = 2011<ref>{{cite web|title=Czech Republic Demographics Profile 2014|url=http://www.indexmundi.com/czech_republic/demographics_profile.html|publisher=Index Mundi|accessdate=14 December 2014}}</ref>
| EUseats = 24
}}
چک جۆمهۇریتی — [[اوروپا|اوروپا]]نین مرکزینده یئرلشن بیر اؤلکه‌دیر.<ref>Central Intelligence Agency - CİA - The World Factbook: Europa</ref>
 
۴۴۹ دَییشیکلیک